Survey of London: Vintry Ward

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Wardes on the west side of Walbrooke, and first of Vintry warde.
NOw I am to speake of the other wards, twelue in number, all lying on the west side of the course of Walbrooke: and first of the Vintry ward,
Wards on the West of Wal
, and first of Vintry warde.
so called of Uintners, and of the Uintrie, a part of the banke of the Riuer of Thames, where the merchantes of Burdeaux craned their wines, out of Lighters, and other vesselles, and there landed and made sale of them within fortie daies after, vntill the 28. of Edward the first, at which time the saide merchantes com
plained that they could not sell their wines, paying poundage, nei

ther hire houses or sellers to lay them in, and it was redressed by vertue of the kings writ, directed to the Mayor and Sheriffes of London, dated at Carla Veroke (or Carlile) since the which time many fair & large houses with vaults & sellers for stowage of wines and lodging of the Burdeaux merchants haue been builded in place, where before time were Cookes houses: for Fitzstephen in the raigne of Henry the 2. writeth, that vpon the riuers side, betwéene the wine in shippes, and the wine to be sold in tauernes, was a common cookerie or cookes row. &c. as in another place I haue set downe: whereby it appeareth that in those daies (and till of late time) euery man liued by his professed trade,
Euery man li
ued by his se
uerall profes
sed trade.
not any one interrupting an other. The cookes dressed meate, and sold no wine, and the Tauerner sold wine, and dressed no meat for sale &c. This warde beginneth in the East, at the west end of Downgate ward, as the water course of Walbrooke parteth them, to wit at Gran
thams lane
, on the Thames side, and at Elbow lane on the lande side: it runneth along in Thames stréete west, some thrée houses beyond the old Swan, a Brewhouse on the Thames side, and on the land side some thrée houses west, beyond S. Iames at Garlicke Hith. In breadth this ward stretcheth from the Uintrie North to the wall of the West gate of the Tower Royall: the other North part is of Cordwayner stréete Warde. Out of this Roy
all streete
by the South gate of Tower Royall runneth a small stréete, east to S. Iohns vpon Walbrooke, which stréete is called Horshewbridge, of such a bridge sometime ouer the brooke there, which is now vaulted ouer. Then from the said south gate west, runneth one other stréete, called Knightriders stréete, by S. Tho
mas Apostles
, on the north side, and Wringwren lane, by the said church, at the west end thereof, and to the East end of the Trinitie Church, in the said Knightriders street, where this ward endeth, on that south side the stréet: but on the north side it runneth no farther then the corner against the new builded Tauerne, and other houses, in a plot of ground, where somtime stoode Ormond place, yet haue yee one other lane lower downe in Royall stréete, stretching from ouer against S. Michæls church, to, and by the North side of S. Iames Church by Garlike Hith, this is called Ke
rion lane
, and thus much for the boundes of Uintrie ward. Now on the Thames side west from Granthams lane, haue ye Herber

or Brikels lane, so called of Iohn Brikels, sometime owner thereof. Then is Simpsons lane of one Simpson, or Emperors head lane of such a signe: then the thrée Cranes lane, so called not onely of a signe of 3. Cranes, at a Tauerne dore, but rather of 3. strong Cranes of timber, placed on the Uintrie wharfe by the Thames side, to crane vp wines there, as is afore shewed: this lane was of old time, to wit, the 9. of Richard the 2. called pain
ted Tauerne lane
, of the Tauerne being painted. Then next ouer against S. Martins church, is a large house builded of stone, and timber with vaults for the stowage of wines, & is called the Uin
The Vintrie. Record
There dwelled Iohn Gisers Uintner, Mayor of London and Constable of the Tower, and then was Henry Picard Uintner, Mayor. In this house Henry Picard feasted 4. kinges in one day (as in my Summarie I haue shewed.) Then next is Uanners lane, so called of one Vannar that was owner thereof, it is now called church lane, of the comming vp from the wharfe to S. Mar
. Next is Brode lane for that the same is broder for the passage of carts, from the Uintry wharfe, then bee the other lanes. At the Northwest corner of this lane, is the parish clearks hall, lately by them purchased, since they lost their old hall in Bi
shopsgate stréet
. Next is Spittle lane of old time so called, since Stodies lane of the owner thereof, named Stodie. Sir Iohn Sto
Uintner Mayor in the yeare 1357. gaue it with all the Qua
drant, wherein Uintners hall now standeth, with the tenements round about vnto the Uintners: the Uintners builded for them
selues a faire hall there, and also 13. Almes houses, for 13. poore people, which are kept of charitie, rent frée. These Uintners as well Englishmen as strangers borne, were of old time great Bur
merchants, of Gascoyne
Burdeaux Merchants Gascoin wine 4. pence the gallon.
& French wines, diuers of them were Mayors of this cittie, namely Iohn Adrian Uintner, Re
at Conduct, Iohn Oxenford, Henry Picard that feasted the kings of England, France, Scotland, & Ciprus. Iohn Studie that gaue Stodios lane to the Uintners: the foure last were May
ors in the raigne of Edwarde the thirde, and yet Gascoine wines were then to be sold at London, not aboue iiij.pence, nor Reynish wine aboue sixe pence the gallon.
The kings sons supped in the Vintrie
William More Uintner May
or, in the raigne of Richard the second. In the raigne of Henry the fourth, the young prince Henry, Thomas Duke of Clarence,

Iohn Duke of Bedford, and Humfrey Duke of Glocester, the kings sonnes, being at supper amongst the merchants of London in the vintrie, in the house of Lewes Iohn, Henry Schogan sent to them a ballad beginning thus.
My noble sonnes and eke my Lords deare,
I your father, called vnworthely,
Send vnto you, this ballad following here,
Written with mine owne hande full rudely,
Although it be that I not reuerently
Haue written to your estates, I you pray
Mine vncunning, taketh benignely,
For Gods sake, and hearken what I say.
Then follow of verse 23. staues, containing a persuasion from losing of time, follily in lust, & vice, but to spend the same in vertue and in godlines, as ye may reade in Geffrey Chawcer
Chaucer, fol. 334. & 335.
his works lately printed. The successors of those Uintners and wine Draw
ers that retailed by the gallons, pottell, quart, and pynte, were all incorporated by the name of wine tunners,
Wine tunners incorporated the 15. of H. the sixt.
in the 15. of Henry the sixt. Hauing thus much not without trauaile, & some charges noted for the antiquitie of these Uintners,
The Vintoners one of the 12. principall companies The readiest to speake not alwaies the wisest men.
about two yeares since or more I repayred to the common hall of that company, and there shewed, and read it in a court of Assistance, requiring them as being one of the principall companies in this cittie (of whome I meant therfore to write the more at large) if they knew any more which might sound to their worship or commendation, at their leysure to send it me, and I wold ioyne it to my former collection: at which time I was answered by some that tooke vpon them the speech, that they were none of the principall, but of the inferiour companies, and so willing me to leaue them I departed, and neuer since heard from them, which hath somewhat discouraged me any farther to trauail amongst the companies to learne ought at their hands. Next is Palmers lane nowe called Anchor lane: the plummers haue their hal there, but are tennants to the Uintners. Then is Worcester house, sometimes belonging to the Earles of Worcester, nowe diuided into many tenementes. Then is the Old swanne, a great Brewhouse: And this is all on the Thames side, that I can note in this ward.
On the land side in the royall stréete is Pater noster lane,
pater noster lane.

the faire parish church of S. Michæl called Pater noster church in the Royal: this church was new builded and made a colledge of S. Spirit, and S. Mary, founded by Richard Whittington Mercer, 4. times Mayor, for a maister, 4. fellowes maisters of Art, clearks, conducts, chorists, &c. and an almes house called Gods house, or hospitall
Parish church of S. Michæls pater noster a Colledge one Almesehouse or Hospitall.
for thirtéene poore men, one of them to be Tutor, and to haue xvj.ď.the wéek the other twelue each of them to haue xiiij.ď. the wéeke for euer, with other necessary prouisions, an hutch with thrée lockes, a common seale &c.
These were (as the manner was then) bound to pray for the good estate of Richard Whitington, and Alice his wife their founders, and for Sir William Whitington knight, and Dame Ioan his wife, and for Hugh Fitzwaren, and Dame Molde his wife, the fathers and mothers of the saide Richard Whitington, and Alice his wife, for king Richarde the second, and Thomas of Wodstocke Duke of Glocester, speciall Lordes and Promo
ters of the saide Richarde Whitington, &c. The licence for this foundation was granted by king Henry the fourth the eleuenth of his raigne, and in ye twelfth of the same kings raigne, the Maior and Commonalty of London, granted to Richarde Whitington a vacant peece of ground, thereon to builde his Colledge in the Royall, all which was confirmed by Henry the sixt, the thirde of his raigne, to Iohn Couentrie, Ienkin Carpenter, and William Groue Executors to Richard VVhitington. This foundation was againe confirmed by Parliament, the tenth of Henry the 6 and was suppressed by the statute of Edwarde the 6.
The Almsehouses with the poore men do remaine, and are paide by the Mercers, this Richarde Whitington,
Richarde whi
thrise buried.
was in this Church three times buried first by his Executors vnder a fayre monument, then in the raigne of Edwarde the 6. the Parson of that Church thinking some great riches (as he saide) to be buried with him, caused his monument to be broken, his body to bee spoi
led of his Leaden sheete, and againe the second time to bee buried: and in the raign of Queene Mary, the parishioners were forced to take him vp to lap him in leade as afore to bury him the thirde time, and to place his monument, or the like ouer him againe, which remaineth and so hee resteth. Thomas Windford Alder
man, was buried in this Church, 1448. Arnold Macknam

Uintener, a merchant of Burdious. 1457. Sir Hacre Tanke, or Hartancleux knight of the Garter, Sir Edmond Mulshew knight, neare to Thomas Cokham Recorder of London, the Lady Kyme, Sir William Oldhall knight, 1460. William Barnocke, Sir Iohn Yong Grocer Maier, 1466. Agnes daugh
ter to Sir Iohu Yong, first maried to Robert Sherington, after to Robert Mulleneux, then to VVilliam Cheyney3 Esqui
er, Iohn Hauing Gentleman, William Roswel Esquier, Wil
liam Postar
Clarke of the Crowne, 1520. Sir William Bayly Draper Maior, 1533. with Dame Katheren his wife, leauing xvi. children. Iohn Heydon mercer, Sheriffe 1582. who gaue Legacies to the thirteene Almes men, and otherwise for a Lecture
At the vpper end of this streete, is the Tower Royall,
Tower Royall builded about Henry the I. as may be sup
of that streete taketh name, this Tower and great place was so called of pertayning to the kinges of this Realme, but by whome the same was first builded, or of what antiquity the same hath con
tinued, I haue not read more then that in the raigne of Edwarde the first, the 2. 4. and 7. yeares, it was the Tenement of Symon Beawmes, also that in the 36. of Edwarde the 3. the same was called the Royall in the parish of S. Michæll de pater noster, & that in the 43. of his raigne, he gaue it by the name of his Inne,
called the Royall, in the citie of London, in value yeare, vnto his Colledge of S. Stephen at Westminster: notwithstan
ding in the raigne of Richarde the 2. it was called the Queenes Wardrope, as appeareth by this that followeth: king Richarde hauing in Smithfielde ouercome and dispersed his Rebels, hee, his Lordes and all his Companie, entred the Citie of London, with great ioy, and went to the Lady Princesse his mother, who was then lodged in the Tower Royall, called the Queenes Wardrope where shee had remained three daies, and two nightes, right sore abashed: but when shee saw the king her sonne, shee was greatlie reioyced and saide. Ah sonne, what greate sorrow haue I suffe
red for you this day. The king answered and saide, certainely Madam, I know it well, but now reioyce and thanke God, for I haue this day, recouered mine heritage, and the Realme of Eng
which I had neare hand lost.
This Tower seemeth to haue beene at that time of good de
fence, for when the Rebels had beset the Tower of Loudon 4, and got possession thereof, taking from thence whome they listed, as

in mine Anales I haue shewed, the princesse being forced to flye came to this Tower Royall, where shee was lodged and remai
ned safe as yee haue heard: and it may bee also supposed that the king himselfe was at that time lodged there. I read that in the yeare 1386. Lyon king of Armonie, being chased out of his Realme, by the Tartarians, receiued innumerable giftes of the King, and of his Nobles, the king then lying in the Royall: where hee also granted to the said king of Armonie, a Charter of a thou
sand poundes by yeare during his life, this for proofe may suffice, that kinges of England haue beene lodged in this Tower, though the same of later time hath beene neglected, and turned into sta
bling, for the kinges horses, and now letten out to diuers men, and deuided into Tenementes. In Horsebridge streete, is the Cutlers hall, which sometime belonged to Simon Dolesley Gro
cer Maior, in the yeare 1359, they of this Company, were of olde time deuided into three artes, or sortes of Workemen, to wit, the first were Smithes, Forgers of Blades, and therefore called Bladers, and diuers of them prooued welthie men, as namelie, Walter Nele, Blader,
Bladers or BladeSmithes
one of the Sheriffes, the 12, of Edwarde the thirde, deceased 1352. and buried in S. Iames Garlicke hith: hee left landes to the mending of high waies, aboute London, be
twixt Newgate and Wicombe, Aldgate and Chelmessorde, Bi
and Ware, Southwarke and Rochester, &c. The secōd, were makers of Haftes,
and otherwise garnishers of Blades, the thirde sort, were sheathmakers,
for swordes, Daggers and kniues. In the 10. of Henry the 4. certaine ordinances were made betwixt the Bladers, and the other Cutlars, and in the 4. of Henry the 6. they were all three Companies, drawne into one Fraternitie, or Brotherhoode, by the name of Cutlars.
Then is Knight ridars streete, so called (as is supposed) of Knightes well armed and mounted, at the Tower Royall, riding from thence through that streete, west, to Creede lane, and so out at Ludgate, towardes Smithfield, when they were there to tur
ney, Iust, or otherwise to shew their Actiui5ties before the king & states of the Realme. In this streete is the Parish church of S. Thomas Thapostle, by Wringwren lane, a proper church, but monumentes of antiquity bee there none, left vndefaced, except some Armes in the Windowes, as also in the stone worke, which

some suppose to be the Armes of Iohn Barnes Mercer, Maior of London, in the yeare 1371. Henry Causton Marchant, was a Benefactor, and had a Chantry, there about 1396. Thomas Ro
, had also a Chantry there, about 1396. Fitzwilliams al
so a Benefactor, had a Chantry there, more Sir William Littles
, alias Horne
, (for king Edwarde the fourth so named him) because he was a most excellent Blower in a horne, hee was a Salter, and Marchant of the staple, Mayor of London in the yeare 1487 and was buried in this church hauing appointed by his testa
ment the bels to be changed for 4. new bels of good tune and sound, but that was not performed: he gaue 500. marks to the repairing of high waies, betwixt London and Cambridge, his dwelling house, with the garden, and appurtenances in the saide parish, hee deuised to be solde, and bestowed in charitable actions, as his exe
cutors, would answere before God: his house called the George in Bredstreete, hee gaue to the Saltars, they to finde a Priest in the saide Church, to haue six pound thirteen shillinges foure pence the yeare, to euery Preacher at Paules Crosse, and at the Spittle foure pence, for euer, to the Prisoners of Newgate, Ludgate, Marshalsey, and kinges Bench, in victuailes ten shillinges at Christmas, and ten shillinges at Easter for euer which are not performed. Iohn Martin Butcher, one of the Sheriffes was buried there, 1533. &c. Then west from the saide Church on the same side, was one great messuage, sometime called Ipris Inne, so called of William of Ipres a Flemming the first builder thereof. This William was called out of Flanders, with a number of Flemminges to the aide of king Stephen, against Maude the Empresse, in the yeare 1138. and grew in fauour with the saide king, for his seruice, so farre that he builded this his house, neare vnto Towre royal,
King Stephen lodgee in the Tower Royall.
in the which Tower it seemeth the king was then lodged, as in the hart of the City, for his more safety.
Robert Earle of Glocester brother to the Empresse being ta
ken was committed to the custody of this VVilliam to bee kept in the Castle of Rochester, till king Stephen was also taken, and then the one was deliuered in exchange for the other, and both set free: this William of Ipres gaue Edredes Hith, now called the Queenes Hith, to the Prior and Chanons of the Holy Trinitie in London: hee founded the Abbey of Boxley, in Kent, &c. In

the first of Henry the second, the said William with all the other Flemminges, fearing the indignation of the new king departed the land, but it seemeth that the saide William was shortly called backe againe, and restored both to the kinges fauour, and to his olde possessions here, so that the name and family continued long after in this realme, as may appeare by this which followeth. In the yeare 1377, the 51 of Edwarde the thirde, the Citizens of London, minding to haue destroyed Iohn of Gaunt D. of Lan
, and Henry Percy Marshall, (for causes shewed in my Annales) sought vp and downe, and could not finde them, for they were that day to dine with Iohn of Ipris at his Inne, which the Londoners wist not of, but thought the Duke and Marshall had beene at the Sauoy, and therefore, poasted thether: but one of the Dukes knightes seeing these thinges, came in great hast to the place where the Duke was, and after that hee had knocked and could not be let in, hee saide to Haueland the Porter, if thou loue my Lorde and thy life, open the gate, with which words hee got entry, and with great feare he tels the Duke, that without the gate were infinite numbers of armed men, and vnlesse he tooke greate heede, that day would be his last, with which wordes the Duke leapt so hastily from his Oisters, that he hurt both his legs against the forme: wine was offered, but he could not drinke for hast and so fled with his fellow Henry Persie out at a backe gate, and entering the Thames, neuer stayed rowing, vntill they came to a house neare the Mannor of KeningtonMoEML is still seeking information regarding this entry. If you have information to contribute, please email the MoEML team.

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besides Lamb hith.
where at that time the princesse lay, with Richarde the yong Prince, before whome hee made his complaint, &c.
Ouer against Ipres Inne in Knightriders streete, at the cor
ner towardes S, Iames, at Garlicke Hith, was sometime a great house builded of stone, and called Ormond place, for that it some
times belonged to the Earles of Ormonde, king Edwarde the fourth in the fift of his raigne, gaue to Elizabeth his wife, the Mannor of Greenewitch, with the Towne and Parke in the County of Kent, hee also gaue this Tenement called Ormonde place with all the appurtenances to the same, situate in the parish of S. Trinítie, in Knightridars streete in London, this house is now lately taken downe and diuers fayre Tenementes are buil
ded there, the corner house whereof is a Tauerne. Then low

er downe in Royall streete, is Kerion lane, of one Kerion som
time dwelling there. In this lane bee diuers fayre houses for Marchants, and amongst others is the Glasiars hall. At the south corner of Royall streete, is the fayre parish church of S. Martin, called in the Uintry, this Church was new builded about the yere 1399. by the Executors of Mathew Columbars a stranger born, a Burdieur marchant, of Gascoyne, and French wines, his Armes remaine yet in the East Window, and is betweene a Cheueron, 3. Columbins: there lye buried in this church, Sir Iohn Gisors Maior, 1311. Henry Gisors his sonne, 1343. and Iohn Gisors his brother 1350. hee gaue to his sonne Tho
his great mansion house, called Gisors hall in the parish of S. Mildred in Bredstreete, this Thomas had issue Iohn, and Thomas, Iohn made a Feofment, and solde Gisors hall,
Gisors hall corruptly cal
led Sopars hal
and o
ther his landes in London, about the yeare 1386. Thomas de
ceased 1395. Henry Venner,Bartilmew de la vauch, Tho
mas Cornwalles
one of the Sheriffes 1384. Iohn Cornwalles Esquier, 1436 Iohn Mustrell Uintner, 1424. William Hod
, William Castleton, Iohn Grey, Robert Dalusle
Barbar, in the raign of Edward the 4, with this Epitaph.
As flowers in fielde thus passeth life,
Naked then clothed fable in the end.
It sheweth by Robert Dalusse, and Alison his wife.
Christ them saue from power of the fiende.
Sir Ralph Austrie Fishmonger Maior, new roofed this Church with timber, couered it with lead, and beutifully glased it, he deceased, 1494. and was there buried, with his two wiues, Ralph Austrye his son gentleman William Austrye and other of that name, Bartrand wife to Grimond Descure Esquire, a Gas
coyne, and marchant of wines 1494, Thomas Batson, Allice Fowler, Daughter and heire to Iohn Howton, wife to Iohn Hulton, Iames Bartlet, and Alice his wife, VVilliam Fennor, Roger Cotton, Robert Stockar, Iohn Pemberton, Philip de Plasse, Iohn Stapleton, Iohn Mortimor, VVilliam Lee, Wil
liam Hamstede
, &c
Then is the parish Church of S. Iames, called at Garlicke hith or Garlicke hiue, for that of olde time on the banke, of the riuer of Thames, neare to this Church Garlicke was vsually solde, this

is a proper church, whereof Richarde Rothing, one of the She
riffes, 1326. is saide to be the builder: and lieth buried in the same, so was VValter Nele Blader one of the Sheriffes, 1337. Iohn of Oxenforde Uintenar Maior, 1341, Richarde Good
, Iohn de Crissingham
, and Iohn VVithers. Monu
mentes remaining there, Robert Gabeter Esquier, Mayor of Newcastle vpon Tine, 1310. Iohn Grisors, VVilliam Tilin
, Iohn Stanley, Nicholas Staha, Robert de Luton
, 1361. Richarde Lions a famous marchant of wines, and a Lapidary, sometime one of the Sheriffes, beheaded in Cheape, by VVat Tyler, and other rebels in the yeare 1381. his picture of his graue stone very fayre and large, is with his hayre rounded by his eares, and curled, a little bearde forked, a gowne girt to him down to his feete, of branched damaske wrought with the likenes of flowers, a large purse on his right side hanging in a belt, from his left shoulder, a plaine whoode about his necke, kiuering his shoul
ders, and hanging backe behinde him. Sir Iohn Wrotch, Fish
monger Maior, 1361. deceased 1407. Thomas Stonarde of Oxfordshire, Iohn Bromar Fishmonger, Alderman, 1474. the lady Stanley, mother to the Lorde Strange, the Countise of Huntington, the Lady Harbart, the Lord Strange, Sir George Stanley, Gilbert Bouet, 1398. a Countis of Glocester , and one of her children, VVilliā More, Uintener Maior, 1395. VV. Venor Grocer Maior, 1389. Robert Chichley Maior, 1421. Iames Spencer Uintonar Maior 1543. &c. And thus an ende of Uintry warde, which hath an Alderman with a deputy, common Councellors nine, Constables nine, Scauengers foure, Ward
mote inquest foureteene and a Beadle. It is taxed to the fifteene, in London, at six and thirty pound, and in the Exchequer at thirty fiue pound, fiue shillinges.


  1. number reads 186 (NAP)
  2. number reads 187 (NAP)
  3. Unclear. (SM)
  4. I.e. London (SM)
  5. Letter missing; context obvious. (SM)
  6. number reads 194 (NAP)
  7. number reads 195 (NAP)

Cite this page

MLA citation

Stow, John, and William fitz Stephen. Survey of London: Vintry Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 20 Jun. 2018,

Chicago citation

Stow, John, and William fitz Stephen. Survey of London: Vintry Ward. The Map of Early Modern London. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed June 20, 2018.

APA citation

Stow, J., & fitz Stephen, W. 2018. Survey of London: Vintry Ward. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London. Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from

RIS file (for RefMan, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

A1  - Stow, John
A1  - fitz Stephen, William
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Survey of London: Vintry Ward
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
PY  - 2018
DA  - 2018/06/20
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  -
UR  -
ER  - 


RT Web Page
SR Electronic(1)
A1 Stow, John
A1 fitz Stephen, William
A6 Jenstad, Janelle
T1 Survey of London: Vintry Ward
T2 The Map of Early Modern London
WP 2018
FD 2018/06/20
RD 2018/06/20
PP Victoria
PB University of Victoria
LA English
OL English

TEI citation

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