Survey of London: Lime Street Ward

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THe next is Lymestreete warde, and taketh the name Lymestreete,
of making or sel
ling of Lyme there, (as is supposed,) the East side of this Lymestreete, from the North corner thereof to the middest is of Ealdgate ward, as is aforesaide: the west side, for the most parte from the saide North corner, southward, is of this Lymestreete warde: the southende on both sides is of Langborne warde: the bodie of this Lymestreete warde, is of the high streete called Cornhill streete, which stretcheth from Limestreete on the south side, to the west corner of Leaden hall: and on the North side from the southwest corner of S. Marie streete, to an other corner ouer against Leaden hall.
Now for S. Marie streete, the west side thereof is of this Lime
streete warde
, and also the streete which runneth by the North
ende of this S. Marie streete, on both sides, from thence west to an house called the Wrestlers (a signe so called) almost to Bi
. And these are the bounds of this small warde.
Monuments or places notable in this warde be these: In Lyme
are diuers fayr houses, for Marchants & others, there was sometime a mansion house of the kinges, called the kinges Artirce
An house in Lymestreete called the kinges Ar
whereof I finde recorde in the 14. of Edwarde the first, but now grown out of knowledge. I reade also of an other greate house in the westside of Lymestreete, hauing a Chappel on the south, and a garden on the west, then belonging to the Lorde Neuell, (which Garden is now called the Greene yarde of the Leaden hal. This house in the ninth of Richard the second, pertayned to Sir Simon Burley, and Sir Iohn Burley, his brother, and of late the faide house was taken downe, and the forefront thereof new buil
ded of timber by Hugh Offley Alderman. At the North west cor
ner of Lymestreete was of olde time one greate Messuage called
Benbriges Inne, Ralph Hollend Draper, about the yere 1452. gaue it to Iohn Gill, maister, and to the Wardens and Fraterni
ty of Taylors and Linnen Armorers of S. Iohn Baptill, in Lon
, and to their successors for euer. They did set vp in place thereof a fayre large frame of timber, contayning in the high street one great house, and before it to the corner of Limestreete, three other Tenementes, the corner house being the largest, and then downe Limestreete diuers proper Tenementes. Al which the Marchant Taylors in the raigne of Edwarde the sixt solde to Stephen Kirton Marchantaylor, and Alderman: this worshipfull man, and the Gentlewoman his widdow after him, kept those houses in good reparations, neuer put out one Tennant, tooke no fines, nor raised Rents of them, which was x..the peece yearely: But whether that fauour did ouerliue her funerall, the Tenantes now can best declare.
Next vnto this on the high streete, was the Lorde Souches Messuage
Messuage of the Lord Souch.
or Tenement and other. In place whereof Richarde VVhethill, Marchant Taylor builded a fayre house, with an high Tower, the second in number, and first of timber, that euer I learned to haue beene builded to ouerlooke neighboures in this citie.
This Richarde then a young man became in short time so tormented with Goutes in his ioyntes, of the hands and legges, that hee could neither feede himselfe, nor goe farther then hee was led, much lesse, was hee able to clime, and take the pleasure of the height of his Tower. Then is there an other fayre house, builded by Stephen Kyiton Alderman, Alderman Lee doth now possesse it.
Then is there a fayre house of olde time called the Greene gate,
by which name one Mighel Pistoy Lumbard held it, with a tenement & 9. shops, in the raigne of Richard the second, who in the 15. of his raigne gaue it to Roger Crophull, and Thomas Bromeflet, Esquiers, by the name of the Greene gate,
Messuage cal
led the Greene gate.
in the pa
rish of S, Andrew vpon Cornhill, in Lymestreete ward: since the which time Philip Malpas,
philip Malpas1 robbed.
sometime Alderman, and one of the Shiriffes dwelled therein, and was there rob
bed, and spoiled of his goodes to a greate value, by Iacke Cade

and other Rebels in the yeare 1449.
Afterwades in the raigne of Henry the seuenth, it was sea
sed into the kinges handes, and then granted, first vnto Iohn Al
, after that to William de la Riuars, and since by Henry the eight, to Iohn Mutas (a Picarde) or Frenchman, who dwelled there, and harbored in his house, many Frenchmen, that kalen
dred wolstedes, and did other thinges contrary to the Franchises of the Citizens: wherefore on euill May day, which was in the yeare 1517. the Prentizes and other spoiled his house: and if they could haue found Mutas,
Mutas house robbed.
they would haue striken off his head. Sir Peter Mutas a seruiceable Gentleman, sonne to the said Iohn Mutas, solde this house to Dauid Wodrofte Alderman, whose sonne Sir Nicholas Wodroffe Alderman, solde it ouer to Iohn Moore Alderman, that now possesseth it.
Next is a house called the Leaden Portch lately deuided into two Tenementes, whereof one is a Tauerne, and then one other house for a Marchante, likewise called, the Leaden Portch: but now turned to a Cookes house, next is a fayre house and a large, wherein diuers Maioralities haue beene kept, whereof twaine in my remembrance: to wit Sir William Bowiar, and Sir Henry Huberthorne.
The next is Leaden Hall, of which I reade, that in the yere 1309. it belonged to Sir Hugh Neuill knight, and that the La
die Alice
his widow, made a Feofment thereof, by the name of Leaden hall, with the aduowsons of the Church of S. Peter vpon Cornhill, and other churches, to Richard Earle of Arundel and Surrey, 1362. More in the yeare 1380. Alice Neuill, widow to Sir Iohn Neuill knight of Essex, confirmed to Thomas Cogshal, & others the said Manor of Leaden hal, ye aduowsions &c. In the yere 1384. Humphrey de Bohun, Earle of Hereforde, had the saide Mannor.2 And in the yeare 1408. Robert Rike
of Essex, and Margaret his wife confirmed to Richarde Whitington and other citizens of London, the saide Mannor of Leaden hall, with the Appurtenances, the aduowsions of S. Peters Church, S. Margarets Pattens, &c, And in the yere 1411 the saide Whitington and other confirmed the same to the Maior and Comminaltie of London, whereby it came to the possession

of the Citie. Then in the yeare 1443. the 21. of Henry the sixt,
Licence to take vp leade to the buil
ding vp of common Granarie.
Iohn Hatherley Maior, purchased licence of the saide king to take vp 200. fodar of leade, for the building of water conduites, a common Granary, and the Crosse in west Cheap, more richlie for honor of the Citie. In the yeare next following the Parson and Parish of S. Dunstone in the east of London, seeing the famous and mighty man (for the wordes be in the graunte: cum nobilis & potens. vir.) Symon Eyre, citizen of London, among other his works of pietie, effectually determined to erect and build a cer
taine Granarie vpon the soile of the same citie at Leaden hall, of his owne charges, for the common vtilitie of the saide citie, to the amplifiyng, and enlarging of the saide Garnary, granted to Henry Frowicke then Maior, the Aldermen, and Comminaltie and their successors, for euer, all their Tenementes, with the Appurtenances sometime called the Horsemill in Grasse streete, for the anuall rente of foure pounde, &c. Also certaine Euidences (of an Alley and Tenements pertayning to the Horsemill,
Horsmill in Grassestreete
ning to the saide Leaden hall in Grassestreete, giuen by William Kingstone Fishmonger, vnto the parish church of S. Peter vpon Cornehill) do specifie the saide Granary to be builded by the said honorable and famous Marchant Symon Eyre,
Symon Eyre sometime an vpholster then by changing of his coppie a Draper.
sometime an Up
holster, & then a Draper, in the yere 1419. he builded it of squa
red stone, in forme as now it sheweth, with a fayre & large chap
pell in the east side of the Quadrante ouer the Portch of which hée caused to be written. Dextra Domini exultauit me, the Lords right hand hath exalted me: hee deceased in the yeare 1459,
Leaden hall now builded to bee a com
mon garnar.
and was buried in his Parish Church of S. Marie Wolnoth: in Lom
bard street
. he gaue by his Testament (which I haue read) to be distributed, to al prisoners in London,
A Chappell builded in Leaden hall.
or within one mile of that cittie, somewhat to releeue them. More hee gaue two thousand markes vpon a condition which not performed, was then to bee distributed, to maides marriages,
Legacies giuen by Symon Eyre.
and other deedes of charity, hee also gaue three thousand markes to the Company of Drapers vpon condition they should within one yeare after his decease e
stablish perpetually a Maister or Warden, 5. secular Priestes,
Dayly seruice by noate &c. and three free schooles in the Leaden hall
sixe Clarkes and two Queristers to sing dayly diuine seruice, by note for euer in his Chappell of the Leaden hall: Also three

Schoolemaisters, with an Usher, to wit, one Maister with an Ushar for Grammar, one Maister for writing, and the thirde for Song with howsing there newly builded for them for euer, the mai
ster to haue for his Salary ten pound: & euerie other Priest eight pound, euery other Clarke, fiue pound six shillinges eight pence, and euery other Chorister, fiue markes: and if the Drapers re
fused this to doe within one yeare after his decease, then the three thousand Markes to remaine to the Prior and Couent of Christs Church in London, with condition to establsh as is aforesaide, within two yeares after his decease, and if they refused, then the three thousand marks to be disposed by his Executors as they best could deuise in workes of charity: thus much for his Testament not performed by establishing of diuine seruice in his chappell, or frée schooles for schollers, neither how the stocke of thrée thousand markes was imployed by his Executors, coulde I euer learne, fly
ing tales haue I hearde, but not of credit, to auouch, and therefore I ouer passe them: hee left issue Thomas, who had issue Tho
Liber albus. Beame for tro
nage of wools at Leaden hal
&c. True it is that in the yeare 1464. the thirde of Edward the fourth4, it was agreede by the Maior, Aldermen, and Com
minalty of London, that notwithstanding the kinges letters pa
tentes, lately before granted vnto them touching the Troynage or Weighing of wares to be holden at the Leaden hall, yet suite should be made to the king for new letters pattents to be granted to the Maior of the Staple, for the Tronage of Wolles to be hol
den there, & order to be taken, by the discretion of Thomas Cooke, then Maior, ye counsaile of the citie, Geffery Filding, then Maior of the Staple at Westminster, and of his counsaile, what shoulde be paide to the Maior and Aldermen of the citie for the laying and howsing of the Woolles there, that so they might be brought forth and weighed, &c.
Touching the chappell there, I finde that in the yeare 1466. by licence obtayned of king Edwarde the fourth, in the sixt of his raigne, a Fraternitie of the Trinity, of 60. priestes,
A brother
hood of 60. Priestes in the Chapel of Lea
den hall
(besides o
ther Brethren, and Sisters) in the same Chappell was foun
ded by William Rouse, Iohn Risbie, and Thomas Ashby, priestes, some of the which 60 priestes, euery market day, in the fore noone, did celebrate diuine seruice there, to such market

people as repayred to prayer, and once euery yeare, they mette al
together, and had solemne seruice, with procession of all the bre
thren and sisters. This foundation was in the yere, 1512. by a common counsaile confirmed to the 60. Trinity Priestes, and to their successors at the will of the Maior and Comminaltie. Now it did befall that in the yeare, 1484. a greate fire happened vpon this Leaden hal,
Leaden hall burned.
by what casualty I know not, but much howsing was there destroyed with all the stockes for Guns, and other pro
uision belonging to the Citie, which was a greate losse, and no lesse charge to be repaired by them. In the yere 1503. the eighteenth of Henry the seuenth, a request was made by the Cōmons of the Citie, concerning the vsage of the saide Leaden hall, in forme as followeth. Please it the Lord Maior, Aldermen, and common Counsaile, to enact that all French men, bringing Canuas, Lin
nen cloth, and other wares to be solde, and all Forrens bringing Wolffeds, Sayes, Staimus, Kiuerings, Nayles, Iron worke,
A request of the Citizens to the Maior and Aldermen.
or any other wares, and also all manner Forrens bringing Lead to the citie to be solde, shall bring all such their wares aforesaide to the open market of Leaden hall there,
Leaden hall market for Canuas and Linnen cloth.
and no where else to be shewed, solde and vttered, like as of old time it hath beene vsed, vpon paine of forfeyture of all the saide wares shewed or solde in a
ny other place then aforesaide, the shew of the saide wares to bee made three dayes in the weeke, that is to say Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, it is also thought reasonable that the common Beame be kept from henceforth in the Leaden hall, and the Far
mer to pay therefore reasonable rent to the chamber: for better it is that the chamber haue aduantage thereby, then a Forren per
son, & also the saide Leaden hal, which is more chargeable now by halfe then profitable, shall better beare out the charges thereof, also the common Beame
Common Beame to be kept in Leaden hall.
for wolle at Leaden hall,
Leaden hall pertayning to the Commi
may pay yeare
ly a rent to the chamber of London, toward supportation and charges of the same place: for reason it is, that a common office occupied vpon a common ground beare a charge to the vse of the Comminaltie: also that Forrens bringing wolles, Fels, or any o
ther Marchandizes or wares to Leaden hall,
Wools, Fels, and other marchandize to be sold, in Leaden hall.
to bee kept there for the sale and market, may pay more largely for the keeping of their goodes, then Free men. Thus much for the request of

the Commons at this time.
Now to set downe some proofe that the saide hall hath beene imployed and vsed as a Granarie for Corne and Grayne (as the same was first appointed) leauing all former examples, this one may suffice: Roger Acheley Maior
Leaden hall v
sed as a garnar Roger Acheley Maior, made good prouisi
on for the citie
of London, in the yere 1512. the thirde of Henry the eight, when the saide Maior entred the Maioralitie, there was not found one hundred quarters of wheate in al the Garners of the citie, eyther within the Liberties or neare adioyning: through the which scarcitie, when the Cartes of Stratforde
Bread carts of Stratford at the Bow.
came laden with Bread to the Citie (as they had béen accustomed) there was such presse aboute them, that one man was readie to destroy an other, in striuing to be serued for their monie: but this scarcitie lasted not long: for the Maior in short time made such prouision of Wheate, that the Bakers both of London, and of Stratforde were weary of taking it vp, and were forced to take much more then they wold, and for the rest the Ma
ior laide out the money and stowed it vp in Leaden hall, and other Garnars of the Citie. This Maior also kept the market so wel, that he would be at the Leaden hall, by foure a clocke in the som
mer morninges, and from thence hee went to other markets, to the great comfort of the Citizens. I reade also that in the yeare, 1528. the 20. of Henry the eight, Surueyers were appointed to view the Garnars of the Citie, namely the Bri5dge house, and the Leaden hal, how they were stored of Grayne for seruice of the Citie: And because I haue here before spoken of the breade cartes comming from Stratforde at the Bow, yee shall vnderstand that of olde time the Bakers of Bread at Stratforde, were allowed to bring dayly (except the Saboath and principall Feast) diuers long Cartes laden with Bread, the same being two ounces in the pen
ny wheat loafe heauier then the penny wheate loafe baked in the Citie, the same to bee solde in Cheape, thrée or foure Cartes stan
ding there, betweene Guthurans lane, and Fausters lane ende, one cart on Cornhill by the Conduite, and one other in Grasse
. And I haue read that in the fourth yeare of Edwarde the second, Richarde Reffeham being Maior, a Baker na
med Iohn of Stratforde:
Liber d. A Baker of Stratford pu
nished in Lon
don for ba
king bread vn
der the Assise.
for making Breade lesser then the Assisse, was with a fooles whoode on his head, and loues of bread

about his neck, drawn on a hurdle through the stréets of this citie: Moreouer in the 44. of Edward the thirde. Iohn Chichester be
ing Mayor of London,
Iohn Mall. Breadcarts frō Stratford misu
sed in this city in time of scarcity.
I reade in the visions of Pierce Plow
, a booke so called as followeth.
There was a carefull commune, when no cart came to towne with baked bread fro Stratford: tho gan beggars weep & worke
men were agast, a little this will be thought long in the date of our Drirte, in a drie Auerell a thousand and three hundred, twise thirtie and tenne &c.
These Bakers of Stratford left seruing of this Citie I know not vpon what occasion, about 30. yeares since: In the yeare 1519. a petition
A petition by the commons concerning the vse of the Leaden hall.
was exhibited by the commons to the common counsaile, and was by them allowed, concerning the Leaden hall, how they would haue it vsed, viz. Méekely beseeching sheweth vn
to your good Lordship, and maysterships, diuers cittzens of this Cittie, which vnder correction thinke, that the great place called the Leaden hall, should nor ought not to be letten to farme, to any person or persons, and in especiall to any fellowship or companie incorporate, to haue and hold the same hall for tearme of yeares, for such inconueniences as therby may ensue, and come to the hurt6 of the common weale of the said cittie, in time to come, as some
what more largely may appeare in the articles following.
First if any assemblie, or hastie gathering of the commons of the said Cittie for oppressing or subduing, of misruled people with
in the said Cittie hereafter shall happen to be called or commanded by the Mayor, Aldermen, and other gouernors and counsellors of the saide cittie for the time being, there is none so conuenient méet and necessarie a place to assemble them in, within the said cittie, as the said Leaden hall, both for largenes of roome, and for their sure defence in time of their counselling together about the premises. Also in that place hath béen vsed the artillerie, Guns, and other ar
mors of the said cittie to be safely kept in a readines for ye safegard, wealth, and defence of the said cittie, to bee had and occupyed at times when néede required. As also the store of timber for the ne
cessarie reparations of the tenements belonging to the chamber of the said citie, there cōmonly hath beene kept. Item if any triumph or noblenesse were to be done or shewed by the communalty of the

cittie for the honour of our soueraigne Lord, the King, and realme, and for the worship of the said cittie, the said Leaden hall is most meete and conuenient place to prepare and order the said triumph therein, and from thence to issue forth to the places therefore ap
pointed, Item, at any largesse or dole of any money made vnto the poore people of this cittie, it hath beene vsed to be done and gi
uen in the said Leaden Hall,
Leaden Hall a market place for victulers & the people to stand drie.
for that the said place is most meete therefore. Item, the honorable Father, that was maker of the said hall, had a speciall will, intent and mind, that (as it is com
monly said) the market men and women that came to the Cittie with victuailes and other thinges should haue their free standing within the said Leaden Hall in wet weather, to kéepe themselues and their wares dry, and thereby to incourage them and all other to haue the better will and desire the more plenteously to resort to the said Cittie, to victuaile the same. And if the saide Hall should be letten to farme, the will of the said honorable father should ne
uer be fulfilled nor take effect. Item, if the said place which is the chiefe fortresse and most necessarie place within all the Cittie, for the tuition and safegarde of the same, should be letten to farme out of the handes of the chiefe heades of the same Citie, and especially to an other bodie politique, it might at length by likelihood bee oc
casion of discord, and debate betwéene the saide bodies politique, which God defend.
For these and many other great and resonable causes, which hereafter shalbe shewed to this honourable Court, your said besée
chers think it much necessary, that the said Hall be stil in the hands of this cittie, and to be surely kept by sadde and discréet officers in such wise, that it may alway be ready to be vsed and occupyed for the common weale of the said Citie, when need shal require, and in no wise to bee letten to any bodie politique. Thus much for the petition.
About the yeare 1534. great meanes was made about the Leaden Hall
Leaden hall ment to haue beene made a Burse for mar
to haue the same made a Burse for the assemblie of marchants, as they had béene accustomed in Lombard stréet, ma
ny common counselles, were called to that ende, but in the yeare 1535. Iohn Champnais being Mayor, it was fully concluded that the Burse should remaine in Lombard stréete, as afore: and
Leaden Hall no more to be spoken of concerning this matter.
The vse of Leaden Hall in my youth was thus: In a part of the North quadrant on the East side of the North gate, was the common beames for weighing of wooll, and other wares, as had béene accustomed: on the west side the gate was the scales to way meale: the other thrée sides were reserued for the most part to the making and resting of the pageants shewed at midsommer in the watch: the remnant of the sides and quadrantes were imployed for the stowage of wooll sackes, but not closed vp: the lofts aboue were partly vsed by the painters in working for the decking of pa
geants and other deuises, for beautifying of the watch and watch
men, the residue of the loftes were letten out to marchantes, the wooll winders and packers therein to wind and pack their wools: And thus much for Leaden Hall may suffice.
Now on the North of Limestréete warde in the high stréet, are diuers faire houses for marchants, and proper tenements for ar
tificers, with an alley also called Shaft Alley, of the shaft or May
pole sometime resting ouer the gale thereof, as I haue declared in Aldegate warde. In the yeare 1576 partly at the charges of the parish of S. Andrew, and partly at the charges of the chamber of London, a water pumpe
A pumpe in the high street of Limestreet warde.
was raised in this high stréet of Lime
stréete warde
, néere vnto Limestréet corner: for the placing of the which pumpe, hauing broken vp the ground, they were forced to digge more then two fadome déepe before they came to any maine ground:
Cornehil street in some place raysed 2, fadom higher then of old time, as ap
peared by buil
dings founde so deep.
where they found a harth made of Britaine (or Romayne) tyle as they call it, euery tile halfe yarde square and about two in
ches thicke: they found cole lying there also, (for that lying whole will neuer consume) then digging one fadome into the maine they found water sufficient, and set vp the pumpe. Thus much for the high stréete.
In S. Mary streete had ye of old time parish Church of S. Mary the virgine, S. Vrsula, and the 11000.
Parish church of Mary S. Vr
, & 11000 vigines called at the Axe, let
ten out for a warehouse.
virgines, which Church was commonly called S. Mary at the Axe, of the signe of an Axe, ouer against the East end thereof, or S. Marie Pellipar of a plot of ground lying on the North side thereof, pertayning to the Skinners in London. This parrish about the yeare 1565. was vnited to the parish Church of S. Andrew Vndershaft,

and so was S. Mary at the Axe suppressed, and letten out to bee a warehouse for a Marchant. Also against the North end of this S. Mary stréete was sometime one other parish Church of S. Augu
Parish church of S. Austine in the wall made a chap
pell to the pa
pey, and since pulled downe made a stable.
called S. Augustine in the wall, for that if stood adioyning to the wall of the Citie: and otherwise called S. Augustines Papey, for that about the yeare 1430. in the raigne of Henry the sixt, the same Church was allowed to the brethren of the Papey, the house of poore priestes, whereof I haue spoken in Aldgate warde. The parishioners of this Church were appointed to the parish Church of Alhallowes in the wall, which is in Breadstreet ward, this brotherhood (called Papey) being suppressed, the church of S. Au
was pulled downe, and in place thereof one Grey a Po
thecarie builded a stable, and a heyloft: it is now a dwelling house, reseruing the Church yarde for a garden plot. Those two parish Churches both lying in the Warde of Limestréet, being thus sup
pressed, there is not any one parish church or place for diuine seruice in that warde, but the inhabitants thereof repayre to Churches, out of their Ward, namely to S. Peter vpon Cornehill in Corne
hill warde
, S. Andrew in Aldegate warde, Alhallowes in the wall in Breadstréete warde, and some to S. Denis in Langborne warde. Now because of late there hath beene some question, to what ward this Church or chappel of S. Augustine Papie should of right belong, for the same hath béen challenged by them of Ald
, and without reason taken into Bishopsgate warde, from Limestréete warde, I am somewhat to touch it. About 30. yeares since the chamber of London granted a lease of ground (in these words) lying néere London wall in the ward of Limestréet,
Houses by London wall, in the warde of Limestreet.
from the West of the said church or chappell of S. Augustine, Pa
, towardes Bishopsgate &c. On the which plat of grounde the lease, builded thrée faire tenements, and placed tennantes there: these were charged to beare scot and lot, and some of them to beare office in Limestréete warde: all which they willingly did without grudging. And when any suspected or disordered persons were by the Landlord placed there, the officers of Limestréete warde fetch
ed them out of their houses, committed them to the warde, procu
red their due punishments, and banished them from thence: where
by in short time that place was reformed & brought into good or

which thing being noted by them of Aldegate Warde, they moued their Alderman Sir Thomas Offley to call in those hou
ses to be of his warde: but I my selfe shewing a faire ledgier booke sometime pertaining to the late dissolued Priorie of the holy Tri
within Aldegate, wherein were set downe the iust bounds of Aldegate ward, before Sir Thomas Offley,Sir Rowland Hey
, the common counsell and Wardemote inquest of the saide Limestréete ward, Sir Thomas Offley gaue ouer his challenge: and so that matter rested in good quiet, vntill the yeare 1579. that Sir Rychard Pype being Mayor, and Alderman of Bishopsgate warde
A part of Limestreet ward vniust withheld by Bishopsgate ward.
challenged those houses, to be of his Warde, whereunto (without reason shewed) Sir Rowland Heyward yeelded: and thus is that side of the stréete from the North corner of S. Mary stréete, almost to Bishopsgate, (wherein is one plot of ground let
ten by the Chamberlaine of London to the parish of S. Martins Otoswich,
A churchyard by London wall pertay
ning to Saint Martins Otos7wich in Bi
. Liber frater
to be a churchyard, or burying place for the dead of that parish &c.) vniustly drawne from the warde of Limestreet. Di
uers other proofes I could set downe, but this one following may suffice. The Mayor and Aldermen of London made a graunt to the fraternitie of Papie, in these wordes: Bee it remembred that where now of late the mayster and wardens of the fraterni
tie of the Papie haue made a bricke wall, closing in the chappell of Saint Augustine called Papie Chappell, scituate in the parish of All-saintes in the wall, in the Warde of Limestreet of the citie of London: from the southeast corner of the which bricke wall, is a scutcheon of xxi.foote of assise from the said corner East
ward. And from the same scuncheon there to a messuage of 55. foot & a halfe westward, the said scuncheon breaketh out of line right southward betwixt the measures aforesaid, iij, foot, and fiue inches of assise, vpon the commō ground of the citie aforesaid, Raph Ver
Mayor, & the Aldermen of the same cittie the of Oc
tober, the sixt yeare of Edward the fourth graunted to Iohn Hod priest, mayster Iohn Bolt & Thomas Pachet priestes, wardens of the fraternity of Papie aforesaid, and to their successors for euer, &c. yeelding iiij.ď.sterling yearely at Michelmas, and this is (saith my booke) inrolled in the Guildhall in London: which is a suffi
cient proofe the same plotte of ground to be of Limestréet ward.

On the south side of this streete stretching west from S. Mary street, towardes Bishopsgate street, there was of olde time one large messuage builded of stone and timber,
Patent. Oxford place.
in the parish of S. Au
, in the wall, now in the parish of Alhallowes in the same wall, belonging to the Earle of Oxford, for Richard de Vere Earle of Oxford possessed it in the 4. of Henry the fift, but in pro
cesse of time the lands of the Earle fell to females, amongst the which one being married to VVingfield of Suffolke: this house with the apurtenances fell to his lot, and was by his heire Sir Robert Wingfield sold to M. Edward Cooke, at this time the Queenes Atturney generall. This house being greatly ruinated of late time, for the most part hath beene letten out to Powlters, for stabling of horses and stowage of poultrie. One note more of this warde, and so an end. I find of record, that in the yeare 1371 the 45. of Edward the thirde, a great subsidie of 100000.
Subsidie of Limestreet warde in the yeare 1371.
£. was granted towards the Kings wars in Fraunce, whereof the clear
gie paid 50000. £. and the layitie 50000. £. to bee leuied in 39. shires, of England, contayning parishes 8600. of euery parrish 5. £.xvj..the greater to helpe the lesser: this Citie (as one of the shires) then contayning 24. wardes, and in them 110. pa
rishes, was therefore assessed to 635. £. 12. . whereof Limestréet ward did beare 34. shillings and no more: so small a warde it was and so accompted, as hauing no one whole parrish therein, but small portions onely, of two parishes in that warde. This ward hath an Alderman, his deputie, common counsailors 4. Consta
bles 4. Scauengers 2. Wardemote inquest 16. and a Beadle, and is taxed to the fifteene at 40. shillings, or thereabout.


  1. Unclear; context obvious. (SM)
  2. This must be incorrect. The Earldom for Hereford ended with Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Early of Hereford in 1373. (JT)
  3. Page number reads 115 (NAP)
  4. The two dates do not correspond here.The 3 of Edward IV was not in 1464, but 1462-1463. (NAP)
  5. Letter missing; context obvious. (SM)
  6. Unclear. (SM)
  7. Underinking. (SM)

Cite this page

MLA citation

Stow, John, and William fitz Stephen. Survey of London: Lime Street Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 20 Jun. 2018,

Chicago citation

Stow, John, and William fitz Stephen. Survey of London: Lime Street Ward. The Map of Early Modern London. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed June 20, 2018.

APA citation

Stow, J., & fitz Stephen, W. 2018. Survey of London: Lime Street Ward. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London. Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from

RIS file (for RefMan, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

A1  - Stow, John
A1  - fitz Stephen, William
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Survey of London: Lime Street Ward
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
PY  - 2018
DA  - 2018/06/20
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  -
UR  -
ER  - 


RT Web Page
SR Electronic(1)
A1 Stow, John
A1 fitz Stephen, William
A6 Jenstad, Janelle
T1 Survey of London: Lime Street Ward
T2 The Map of Early Modern London
WP 2018
FD 2018/06/20
RD 2018/06/20
PP Victoria
PB University of Victoria
LA English
OL English

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#STOW6"><surname>Stow</surname>, <forename>John</forename></name></author>, and <author><name ref="#FITZ1"><forename>William</forename> <surname><nameLink>fitz</nameLink> Stephen</surname></name></author>. <title level="a">Survey of London: Lime Street Ward</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2018-06-20">20 Jun. 2018</date>, <ref target=""></ref>.</bibl>