Survey of London: Cheap Ward

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NExt adioining is Chepe warde, which also beginneth in the East, on the course of Walbrooke, in Buckles bury, and runneth vp on both the sides to the great Conduit in Cheape. Also on the south syde of Buck

berie a lane turning vp by S. Sithes Church, & by S. Pancrates church, through Needlers lane, on the north side thereof, and then through a péece of Sopars lane, on both sydes vp to Chepe, be all of Chepe warde. Then to be begin againe in the east vpon the said course of Walbrooke, is S. Mildreds church in the Poultrie, on the north side, and ouer against the said church gate, on the south to passe vp al that high stréet called the Poultrie, to the great conduit in Chepe, and then Chepe it selfe, which beginneth by the east end of the said Conduit, and stretcheth vp to the North East corner of Bow lane, on the south side, and to the standard on the North side, and thus far to the west is of Cheape ward. On the south side of this high stréet is no lane turning south out of this ward, more thē some small portion of Sopars lane, whereof I haue before written. But on the North side of this high stréete is Conyhope lane, about one quarter of Olde Iurie lane, on the west side and on the East side almost as much to the signe of the Angell. Then is Iremongers lane, all wholly on both sides, and from the North end thereof through Catton stréete, West to the North ende of S. Laurence lane, and some 4. houses west beyond the same on that side, and ouer against Ironmongers lane end on the North side of Catton stréete vp by the Guildhal, and S. Laurence church in the Iurie is altogether of Chepe ward. Then againe in Chepe more toward the west is S. Laurence lane before named, which is all wholly of this warde, and last of all is Hony lane, and so vp to the standard on that North side of Chepe: and so stand the boundes of Chepe ward.
Now for antiquities there, first is Buckles berie, so called of a mannor, and tenementes pertayning to one Buckle,
Buckles bury of one Buckle.
who there dwelled, and kept his courts. This Mannor is supposed to be the great stone building, yet in parte remaining on the south side the stréete, which of late time hath beene called the old Barge, of such a signe hanged out neare the gate thereof. This Mannor or great house hath of long time béene diuided and letten out into many te
nements: and it hath béene a common speech that when the Wal
Barges towed vp Walbrook vnto Buckles berie.
did lie open, barges were rowed out of the Thames, or to
wed vp so far, and therefore the place hath euer since béene called ye Old barge, Also on the north side of this stréet directly ouer against the said Buckles berie was one ancient and strong tower of stone

the which king Edwarde the thirde in the 32. of his raigne, did grant to his Colledge or free Chappell of S. Stephen at West
, by the name of his Tower called Seruesse Tower at Buckles bery: this Tower of late yeares was taken downe, by one Buckle a Grocer, meaning in place thereof to haue set vppe and builded a goodly frame of Timber, but the saide Buckle gree
dily labouring to pull downe the olde Tower, a peece thereof fell vpon him which so brused him that his life was thereby shortened, and an other that married his widdow, set vp the newly prepared frame of tymber, and finished the worke.
This whole streete called Buckles bury on both the sides throughout, is possessed of Grocers and Apothecaries toward the west ende thereof, on the south side, breaketh out one other short lane called in recordes Peneritch streete, it reacheth but to Saint Sythes lane, and S. Sythes Church is the farthest part thereof, for by the west ende of the saide Church beginneth Needelars lane, which reacheth to Sopars lane as is aforesaide, this small parish Church of S. Sith hath also an addition of Bennet shorne (or Shrog, or Shorehogge) for by al these names haue I read it, but the auncientest is Shorne, wherefore it seemeth to take that name of one Benedict Shorne, sometime a Cittizen, and Stockefish
monger of London, a new builder, repayrer or Benefactor ther
of, in the raigne of E. the second, so that Shorne is but corruptlie called Shrog, and more corruptly Shorehog.
There lye buried in this Church Richard Lincolne Felmon
ger, 1548. Iohn Fresh Mercer Maior 1394. Iohn Rochforde and Robert Rochforde, Iohn Holde Alderman, Henry Fro
, Mercer Maior, a thousand foure hundred thirty fiue Edward Warrington, Iohn Morrice, Iohn Huntley, Sir Ralph Waren Mercer Maior, 1553, Sir Iohn Lion Grocer Maior, 1554. these two last haue monumentes, the rest are all defaced.
Then in Needelars lane haue yee the parish church of Saint Pancrate,
Parish church of S. pancrate Iustices char
ged to punish such assel bels from their churches Eli
zabeth 14
a proper small church, but diuers rich Parishioners therein, and hath had of olde time many liberall benefactors, but of late such as (not regarding the order taken by her Maiestie) the least bell in their church being broken, haue rather solde the same for half the value, then put the parish to charge with new casting: late experience hath prooued this to bee true, besides the spoile of

the monumentes there. In this Church there are buried Sir A
, Iohn Aker, Iohn Barens
Mercer, Maior, 1370. Iohn Be
and his wife, Robert Rayland, Iohn Hamber, Iohn Gage, Iohn Rowley, Iohn Lambe, Iohn Hadley Grocer, Ma
ior, 1379. Richarde Gardener Mercer, Maior, 1478. Iohn Stockton Mercer, Maior, 1470. Iohn Dane Mercer, Iohn Parker, Robert Marshall Alderman, 1439. Robert Corche
. Robert Hatfield
, and Robert Hatfielde, Nicholas Wil
, and Thomas his sonne, the monumentes of all which bee defaced and gone. There do remaine of Robert Burley 1360. Richarde VVilson, 1525. Robert Packenton Mercer, slaine with a Gunne shot at him in a morning, the thirteenth of Nouē
as hee was going to morrow Masse, from his house in Cheape, to S. Thomas of Acars in the yeare 1536. the murde
rer was neuer discouered, but by his owne confession made when he came to the Gallowes at Banbery to bee hanged for Fellonie. Thomas VVardbury Haberdasher 1545. Iames Huish Gro
cer. 1590. Ambrose Smith &c. Then is a part of Sopars lane turning vp to Cheape, by the assent of Stephen Abunden, Ma
ior, the Peperars in Sopars lane were admitted to sell all such spices, and other wares, as Grocers now vse to sell, retayning the olde name of Peperars in Sopars lane,
Pepperars in Sopars lane.
till at length in the raign of Henry the sixt the same Sopars lane was inhabited by Corde
wainers and Curriars, after that the Peperars or Grocers had seated themselues in a more open streete, to wit in Buckles bury, where they yet remaine. Thus much for the south wing of Cheapeward.
Now to beginne againe on the banke of the saide Walbrooke, at the east ende of the high streete, which is the maine body of
The Poultrie.
this warde: first ouer against the parish church of S. Mildred, on the south side of the Poultrie, vp to the great Conduite, haue yee diuers fayre houses, sometimes inhabited by Poulters, now by Grocers, Haberdashers, and Upholders, at the west end of this Poultrie, on the south side, haue ye the great Conduite,
The great Conduite in Cheape.
which is the beginning of west Cheape. This Conduite was the first sweete water that was conueyed by pipes of lead vnder ground, to this place in the Citie, from Padington it was castellated with stone and cesterned in lead which was begunne in the yeare

1285. Henry Wales being then Maior. This Conduite was againe new builded by Thomas Ilame one of the Sheriffes in the yeare, 1479. beyond this Conduite, on the south side of Cheap be now faire and large houses, for the most part possessed of Mer
cers vp to the north corner of Cordwainer streete, corruptlie cal
led Bow lane, which houses in former time were but shedes (or shops) with solars ouer them, as of late one of them remained at Sopars lane end, wherein a woman sold seedes, rootes, and herbs, but those sheddes or shops, by incrochmentes on the high streete, are now largely builded on both sides outward, and also vpwarde towarde heauen, some thrée, foure, or fiue stories on high. &c.
On the north side of the Poultrie, is the proper parish church of S. Mildrede, which was new builded vpon Walbrooke, in the yeare 1457. Iohn Saxton then Parson gaue 32. poundes to
wards the building of the new Quire there which now standeth vpon the course of Walbrook, Leuell and Puery, and Richard Kes haue their Armes in the east Windowes as Benefactors.
All the rooffing of that Church is garnished with the Armes of Thomas Aschehul, one of the Churchwardens in the yere 1455. who was there buried, Thomas Morsted Esquire and Chi
rurgeon to king Henry the 4. 5. and 6. one of the Sheriffes of London, in the yeare 1436. gaue vnto this Church a parcell of ground contayning in length from the course of Walbrooke, to
warde the west, 45. foote, and in bredth, from the Church to
wardes the north 35. foote, being within the gate of Skalding house, or Skalding Wike in the said parish, to make a Church
yarde wherein to bury their dead, Richarde Shore Draper, one of the Sheriffes 1505. gaue fifteene pound for making a portch, to this church. Buried here, as by his monumentes appeareth: Iohn Hildy Poulter, 1416, Iohn Kendall 1468, Iohn Gar
1476. Robert Bois, 1485: and Symon Lee, Poulters, 1487. Thomas Lee of Essex, Gentleman, VVilliam Haclin
, Christopher Feliocke
, 1494. Robert Dreyton Skin
ner. 1484. Iohn Christopherson, Doctor of Phisicke, 1524. VVilliam Turner Skinner, 1536. Blase White Grocer, 1558. Thomas Hobson Haberdasher. 1559, William Hob
Haberdasher, 1581. and Thomas Tusser Gentleman, 1580

with this Epitaph.
Here Thomas Tusser, clad in earth doth lie,
That sometime made the pointes of husbandrie,
By him then learne thou maist, here learne we must,
When all is done we sleepe and turne to dust,
And yet through Christ to heauen we hope to go,
Who reades his bookes shall finde his faith was so.
On the north side of the church yearde remaine two tombes of marble, but not known of whome or otherwise then by tradi
tion, it is saide they were of Thomas Monshampe, and VVilli
, Brothers aboute 1547. &c.
Of the name of this streete, called the Poultrie, I haue before spoken as also of the lane called Skalding house, or Skalding wike &c. On this north side some foure houses west from Saint Mildred church, is a prison house pertayning to one of the She
riffes, and is called the Compter in the Poultrie, and hath beene there kept time out of minde, for I haue not read of the originall thereof. Somewhat west from this Comptar, was sometime a proper Chappell, of Corpus Christi, and S. Marie, at Conie
end in the parish of S. Mildrede, founded by one named Ionyrunnes, a Citizen of London, in the raigne of Edwarde the thirde, where was a Guilde or Fraternitie, that might dispend in lands better then twentie pound by yeare, it was suppressed by Henry the eight, and purchased by one Hobson, a Haberdasher, who turned this Chappell into a fayre warehouse, and shops to
wardes the streete, with lodginges ouer them. Then is Con
ningshop lane
, of olde time so called of a signe of three Conies, hanging ouer a Poulters stall at the lane ende. Within this lane standeth the Grocers hall, which Companie being of olde time called Peperars, were first incorporated by the name of Grocers
Grocers hall first purchased and then buil
ded by the Grocers.
in the yeare 1345, at which time they elected for Custos or Gar
dian of their Fraternitie, Richarde Oswine, and Lawrence Halliwel, and twentie Brethren were then taken in, to be of their scocietie.
In the yeare 1411. the Custos or Gardian, and the Brethren of this Companie, purchased of the Lord Robert Fitzwaters, one plot of ground with the building thereupon in the saide Conyhope

lane for 320. markes, and then laide the foundation of their new common hall.
About the yeare 1429. the Grocers had licence to purchase 500. markes land, since the which time neare adioyning vnto the Grocers hall, the said Company hath builded seauen Almes hou
Seauen Almes
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by the Grocers hall.
for seauen aged poore Almes people. Thomas Knoles Gro
cer Maior, gaue his Tenement in S. Anthonines Churchyard, to the Grocers, towards the releef of the poore Brethren in that Companie, also Henry Keeble Grocer Maior, gaue to the sea
uen Almes people six pence the peece weekelie for euer, which pen
sion is now increased by the Maisters to some of them, two shil
linges the peece weekelie, and to some of them lesse &c.
West from this Conyhope lane is the olde Iury, whereof some portion is of Cheape warde, as afore is shewed. At the south ende of this lane, is the Parish church of S, Mary Colechurch, so named of one Cole that builded it, this church is builded vp
pon a vault aboue ground, so that men are forced to ascend vp ther
unto by certaine steps. I finde no monumentes of this church, more then that Henry the fourth graunted licence to VVilliam Marshall and others to found a Brotherhoode of S. Katheren therein, because Thomas Becker, & S. Edmond the Archbishop were baptized there. Next to that is Mercers Chappell, some
time an Hospitall intituled of S. Thomas of Acon, or Acars near to the great Conduite in Cheape, for a Maister and Brethren, militia hospitalis, &c. saieth the recorde of Edwarde the thirde, the 14. yeare, it was founded by Thomas Fitz the balde de heily, and Agnes his wife, sister to Thomas Becket, in the raigne of Henry the second, they gaue to the maister and brethren the lands with the appurtenances, that sometime were Gilbert Beckets father of the saide Thomas, in the which he was borne, there to make a church: there was also a Charnell and a Chappell ouer it, of S. NicholasMoEML is still seeking information regarding this entry. If you have information to contribute, please email the MoEML team.

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, this Hospitall was valued to dis
pend 277.£.3..4.ď. it was surrendred the 30. of Henry the 8. the 21. of October, and was since purchased by the Mercers, by meanes of Sir Richarde Greshain, and was againe set open on the Eue of S. Michæll, 1541. the 33. of Henry the eight, it is now called the Mercers Chappell, and therein is kept a free

Grammar Schoole
A free schole in the Hospi
tall of S. Tho
mas Acon
as of olde time had beene accustomed, and had beene commanded by Parliament: there is also a preaching in the Italian tongue to the Italians and others on the Sondaies. Here be many monumentes remayning, but more haue beene de
faced: Iames Butler Earle of Ormond, and Dame Iohan his Countise, the eight of Henry the sixt, Iohn Norton Esquier, Stephen Cauandish Draper, Maior, 1362. Thomas Cauan
, William Cauandish, Thomas Ganon
called Pike, one of the Sheriffes, 1410. Hungate of Yorkeshire, Ambrose Cre
, Iohn Trusbut
Mercer, 1437. Thomas Norland She
riffe, 1483. Sir Edmond Sha Goldsmith Maior, 1482. Sir Thomas Hill knight, Henry Frowicke, Thomas Ilam She
riffe 1479. Launcelot Laken Esquier, Ralph Tylney Sheriffe, 1488. Garth Esquier, Iohn Ritch, Sir William Butler Grocer Mayor, 1515. William Browne Mercer Maior, 1513. Iohn Loke 1519. Sir Thomas Baldry, Mercer Maior, 1523. Sir William Locke, Mercer Sheriffe, 1548. Sir Iohn Allen Mer
cer Maior, 1525. deceased 1544. Sir Thomas Leigh Mercer, Mayor, 1558. Sir Richarde Malory Mercer Maior, 1564, Humphrey Baskaruile Mercer Sheriffe 1561. Sir George Bonde Maior, 1587, &c.
Before this Chappell towardes the streete, there was builded a fayre and beutifull Chappell, arched ouer with stone, and there
upon the Mercers hall, a most curious peece of worke: Sir Iohn Allen before named being founder thereof was there buried: but since his Tombe is remoued into the great olde Chappell, and his Chappell is made into shops, and letten out for rent, by his suc
cessors the Mercers. These Mercers were enabled to be a Com
pany the 20. of Richarde the second, and king Henry the sixt, in the thirde of his raigne, at the request of Iohn Couentrie, Iohn Carpenter, and William Groue granted to the Mercers, to haue a Chaplaine and Brotherhoode for reeleefe of such of their Com
panie, as came to decay by misfortune on the sea. Next beyond the Mercers Chappell in Ironmonger lane, so called of Ironmongers dwelling there, in the 8. of Edwarde the first. In this lane is the small parish church of S. Martin called Pomery vpon what occa
sion certainely I know not, but it is supposed to bee of Apples,

growing there where now houses are lately builded, for my selfe haue seene the large voide places there, monuments in this church be there none to account of.
Farther west is S. Lawrence lane, so called of S. Lawrence church, which standeth directly ouer against the north end thereof, antiquities in this lane I finde none other, then that among many fayre houses, there is one large Inne, for receipt of Trauellers, called Blossomes Inne, but corruptly Bosomes Inne, and hath to signe S. Lawrence the Deacon, in a Border of blossomes or flowers. Then neare to the Standard in Cheape is Hony lane so called not of sweetenesse thereof, being very narrow and some
what darke, but rather of often washing and sweeping, to keep it cleane. In this is the small parish church called Alhallowes in Hony lane, there bee no monumentes in this church worth the noting. Without this lane is the Standarde in Cheape, which Iohn Wels Grocer Maior 1430. caused to be made with a small Cesterne for fresh water, hauing one Cocke continually running, when the same is not turned nor lockt, this was finished by his Executors. Thomas Knoles, and Iohn Chichley they purcha
sed licence of Henry the sixt, to conuey water, to make the Con
duite, now whether the Standarde in West Cheape so oft spoken of in former times, be the same and stoode iust in this place, or els
where, or that the same were remoueable, may bee some question: for it is manifest that in the raigne of Edwarde the thirde, and at other times when the great iustinges, and other running on horse
backe were practised betwixt the great Crosse, and the great Con
duite at Sopars lane end
, there was no such Standarde, or other Obstacle betweene them, neither was that streete paued with hard stone as now it is, we read that in the yeare 1293, three mē had their right hands striken off at the Standard in Cheap,
Men executed in west Cheap
for rescuing of a Prisoner, it is verie likelie therefore that the olde Crosse in Cheape (which was then newlie builded) was also the Standarde.
In the yeare 1326. the Citizens tooke VValter Stapleton Bishop of Excester and beheaded him with other at the Stan
darde in Cheape
: In the yeare 1399. King Henry the fourth caused the Blanch Charters made by Richarde the second, to bee

burnt at the Standarde in West Cheape. In the yeare 1381. Wat Tylar be headed Richarde Lions and others in Cheape. In the yeare 1461. Iohn Dauie had his hand striken off at the Stan
darde in Cheape
, also Iacke Cade the Rebell beheaded the Lorde Say at the Standarde in Cheape, &c. Thus much for the Body of Cheape warde may suffice. Then followeth Catte streete (so called in Recordes the 24. ofHenry the sixt, now corruptlie Catteten street, which beginneth at the north end of Ironmon
ger lane
, and runneth to the west end of Saint Lawrence church as is afore shewed. On the north side of this streete is the Guilde hall
The Guilde hall and courts kept. Liber Flit wed
of this Citie, wherein the Courts for the Citie be kept, name
lie the 1. Court of common Counsaile 2. The courte of the Lorde Maior, and his Brethren the Aldermen 3. The courte of Hust
inges 4. the court of Orphanes 5. the two courts of the Sheriffes 6. the courte of the Wardmote 7. the courte of Hallmote 8. the courte of requestes commonly called the courte of conscience 9. the Chamberlaines court for Prentizes, and making them free. This Guilde hall sayeth Robert Fabian, was begunne to bee builded new in the yeare 1411. the twelfth of Henry the fourth, by Thomas Knoles then Maior, and by his Brethren the Alder
men, and the same was made of a little Cottage, a large and great house, as now it standeth: towardes the charges whereof the Companies gaue large beneuolences, also offences of men were pardoned for summes of money towardes this worke, and there was extraordinarie fees raised, Fines, Amercementes, and other thinges imployed during seauen yeares, and a continuation there
of three yeares more, all to bee imployed to this building.
The first yeare of Henry the sixt Iohn Couentrie, and Iohn Carpentar Executors to Richarde Whitington, gaue towards the pauing of this great hall twentie pound, and the next yeare fif
teene pound more to the saide pauement, with harde stone of Purbecke, they also glased some Windowes thereof and of the Maiors Court, on euery which window the Armes of Richard Whitington are placed. The foundation of the Maiors court was laide in the thirde yeare of the raigne of Henry the sixt, and of the Portch on the South side of the Maiors court, in the fourth of the saide king. Then was builded the Maiors Chamber,

and the counsell chamber, with other roomes aboue the staires: last of all a stately porch entering the great hall was erected, the front thereof towards the south, being beautified with images of stone, such as is shewed by these verses following, made about some 30. yeares since, by William Elderton, at that time an Atturney in the Sheriffes courtes there.
Though most the images be pulled downe,
Verses made on the images ouer the Guild hall gate.
And none be thought remaine in towne,
I am sure there be in London yet
Seuen images such and in such a place,
As few or none I thinke will hit,
Yet euery day they shew their face,
And thousands see them euery yeare,
But sew I thinke can tell me where,
Where Iesu Christ aloft doth stand,
Law and learning on either hand,
Names of i
Discipline in the Deuils necke,
And hard by her are three direct,
There Iustice, Fortitude & Temperance stand,
Where find ye the like in all this land.
Diuers Aldermen glased the great hall, and other courts as ap
peareth by their Armes in each window. William Hariot Dra
per Mayor 1481. gaue 40. pound to the making of two louers in the said Guildhal, and toward the glasing therof. The Kitchens and other houses of office, adioyning to this Guildhall were build
ed of later time, to wit, about the yeare 1501. by procurement of Edmond Shaw Goldsmith Mayor: since which time the May
ors feasts haue béene yearely kept there, which before time were kept in the Taylors hall, and the Grocers hall. Nicholas Al
Grocer Mayor 1499. deceased 1505. gaue by his testament for a hanging of tapestrie, to serue for principal daies in the Guild
, 73. pound. 6. . 8.ď. Now for the Chappell or Colledge of our Ladie Mary Magdalen, and of All-saintes by the Guildhall, called London Colledge, I reade that the same was builded a
bout the yeare 1299. And in a Recorde I find that Peter fane
, Adam Frauncis
, and Henry Frowike Citizens gaue one Messuage with the apurtenances in the parish of Saint Fawstar

to William Bramton Custos of the Chauntrie, by them founde in the said Chappell, with foure Chaplens, and one other house in the parish of S. Giles without Criplegate, in the 27. of Edward the third, which was about the yeere 1353. Moreouer I finde that Richard the 2. in the 20. of his raigne, graunted to Stephen Spilman, Mercer, licence to giue one messuage, 3. shops, and one garden, with the apurtenances, being in the parish of S. Andrew Hubbard, to the Custos and chaplens of the said chappell, and to their successors for their better reliefe and maintenance for euer.
King Henry the 6. in the eight of his raigne gaue licence to Iohn Barnard Custos, and the chaplens to builde of new the saide chappell or colledge of Guildhall, and the same Henry the 6. in the 27. of his raigne, graunted to the parish Clearkes in London & Guilde of S. Nicholas, for two Chaplens by them to bee kept in the said Chappell of S. Mary Magdalene, neare vnto the Guild
, and to keepe 7. almes people. Henry Barton Skinner May
or. founded a Chaplen there, Roger Depham Mercer, and Sir VVilliam Langford knight, had also chaplens there. This chap
pell or colledge had a Custos, 7. chaplens, 3. clearkes, and foure Queristers.
Monumentes there haue béene sundry, as appeareth by the tombes of marble yet remaining, seuen in number, but all defaced. The vppermost in the quire on the South side thereof aboue the Reuestrie dore, was the tombe of Iohn Welles
Iohn Wels a principall benefactor to Guildhall colledge.
Grocer Mayor, 1431. The likenes of welles are grauen on the tombe, on the Re
uestrie dore, and other places on that side the Quire. Also in the Glasse window ouer this tombe, and in the East window is the likenesse of welles, with handes eleuated out of the same welles, holding scrowles, wherein is written Mercy, the writing in the East window being broken yet remayneth Welles. I founde his armes also in the South glasse windowe, all which do shewe that the East ende and South side the Quire of this chappell, and the Reuestrie were by him both builded and glased: on the North side the Quire the tomb of Thomas Kneseworth Fishmonger May
or 1505. who deceased 1515. was defaced, and within these 44. yeares againe renewed by the Fishmongers: two other tombes lower there are, the one of a Draper, the other of a Haberdasher, their names not knowne: Richard Stomine is written by in the

window by the Habardasher, vnder flat stones do lie diuers Cu
of the Chappell, chaplens & officers to the chamber. Amongst others Iohn Clipstone priest, sometime Custos of the librarie of the Guildhall 1457. An other of Edmond Alison priest, one of the Custos of the librarie 1510. &c. Sir Iohn Langley Gold
smith, Mayor 1576. lyeth buried in the vault, vnder the tombe and monument of Iohn Welles before named. This chappell or colledge (valued to dispence xij.l.viij. .ix.ď.by the yeare) was surrendred amongst other, the chappell remaineth to the Mayor and communaltie, wherein they haue seruice wéekely, as also at the election of the Mayor, and at the Mayors feast, &c.
Adioyning to this chappell on south side was sometime a fayre and large librarie, furnished with bookes, pertaining to the Guild
hall and colledge
: These bookes (as it is said) were in the raigne of Edward the 6. sent for by Edward Duke of Sommerset, Lord Protector, with promise to be restored shortly: men laded from thence thrée Carriers with them, but neuer returned. This libra
rie was builded by the executors of R. Whittington, and by Wil
liam Burie
: the armes of Whittington are placed on the one side in the stone worke, and two letters, to wit, W. and B. for William Burie, on the other side: it is now lofted through, and made a store house for clothes. Southwest from this Guildhall, is the faire parish church of S. Laurence called in the Iunie, because of olde time since the raigne of William Conqueror (that first brought Iewes from Roan into this realme) many Iewes inha
bited there about, vntill that in the yeare 1290. the 18. of Ed
the first
they were wholly and for euer by the said king bani
The Iewes ba
nished Eng
land, the num
ber of them. The tooth of some mon
strous fish, as I take it.
this realme, hauing of their owne goodes to beare their char
ges, till they were out of his dominions. The number of the Iewes at that time banished were 15060. persons whose houses being sold, the king made of them a mightie masse of money. This church is faire and large, and hath some monuments, as shall bee shewed. I my selfe more then 60. yeares since haue séene in this church the shanke bone of a man (as it is taken) and also a tooth of a very great bignesse hanged, vp for shewe in chaines of Iron vppon a pillar of stone, the tooth (being about the bignesse of a mans fist) is long since conueyed from thence+the thigh or shanke bone of 25. inches
A shank bone of 25. inches long, of a man as is said, but might be of an Oliphant,
in length by the rule, remaineth yet fastened to
a post

a post of timber, & is not so much to be noted for the length, as for the thicknes, hardnes, and strength thereof, for when it was han
ged on the stone pillar, it fretted with mouing the said pillar, and was not it selfe fretted, nor (as séemeth) is not yet lightned by re
maining drie: but where or when this bone was first found or dis
couered I haue not heard, and therfore reiecting the fables of some late writers I ouerpasse them. There lie buried in this church Elizabeth wife to Iohn Fortescue, Katherine Stoketon, Iohn Stratton, Phillip Albert, Iohn Fleming, Phillip Agmonde
, William Skywith, Iohn Norlong, Iohn Baker, Tho
mas Alleyne
, William Barton
Mercer, 1410. William Mel
Mercer, one of the Sheriffes, 1425. Simon Bartlet Mercer 1428. Walter Chartsey Draper one of the Sheriffes, 1430. Richard Rich Esquire of London the father, and Richard Rich his sonne Mercer one of the Sheriffes, 1441. deceased 1469. with this Epitaph.
Respice quod opus est præsentis temporis æuum,
Omne quod est, nihil est præter amare Deum.
This Richard was father to Iohn, buried in S. Thomas A
, which Iohn was father to Thomas, father to Richard L. Ritch, &c. Iohn Pickering, honorable for seruice of his Prince, and for the English Merchantes beyond the seas, who deceased 1448. Godfrey Bollen Mercer Mayor, 1437.Thomas Bollen his sonne Esquire of Norfolke 1471. Iohn Atkenson, gentle
man, Dame Mary S. Maure, Iohn Waltham, Roger Bonifant Iohn Chayhee, Iohn Abbot, Geffrey Filding Mayor 1452. and Angell his wife 1517. Simon Benington Draper, and Ioan his wife, Iohn Marshall Mercer Mayor 1493. Thomas Bur
gentleman Mercer 1517. a Countesse of Cornewall and Chester, but her name and time is not there apparent, Sir Ri
chard Gresham
Mayor 1537. Sir Michell Dormer Mayor 1541. Robert Charsey one of the Sheriffes 1548. Sir William Row Ironmonger Mayor 1593. Thus much for Cheape ward, which hath an Alderman, his Deputie, Common Counsellors xj. Counstables xi. Scauengers ix. for the Wardemote inquest xij. and a Beadle. It is taxed to the fiftéene at 72. pounde, sixtéene shillings, and in the Exehequer at 72. pound.

Cite this page

MLA citation

Stow, John, and William fitz Stephen. Survey of London: Cheap Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 20 Jun. 2018,

Chicago citation

Stow, John, and William fitz Stephen. Survey of London: Cheap Ward. The Map of Early Modern London. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed June 20, 2018.

APA citation

Stow, J., & fitz Stephen, W. 2018. Survey of London: Cheap Ward. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London. Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from

RIS file (for RefMan, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

A1  - Stow, John
A1  - fitz Stephen, William
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Survey of London: Cheap Ward
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
PY  - 2018
DA  - 2018/06/20
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  -
UR  -
ER  - 


RT Web Page
SR Electronic(1)
A1 Stow, John
A1 fitz Stephen, William
A6 Jenstad, Janelle
T1 Survey of London: Cheap Ward
T2 The Map of Early Modern London
WP 2018
FD 2018/06/20
RD 2018/06/20
PP Victoria
PB University of Victoria
LA English
OL English

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#STOW6"><surname>Stow</surname>, <forename>John</forename></name></author>, and <author><name ref="#FITZ1"><forename>William</forename> <surname><nameLink>fitz</nameLink> Stephen</surname></name></author>. <title level="a">Survey of London: Cheap Ward</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2018-06-20">20 Jun. 2018</date>, <ref target=""></ref>.</bibl>